Asthma is a long-term respiratory disease that affects the airways responsible for transporting air to and from the lungs. Although no complete cure is currently available, various management strategies can help individuals with asthma live active and healthy lives. During certain asthma attacks, the airways may swell up, obstructing the passage of oxygen to the lungs. This restriction also prevents oxygen from entering the bloodstream and travelling to vital organs. This type of asthma attack can be fatal and requires urgent hospitalization.

At the start of an asthma attack, the airways allow enough air into the lungs, but it does not let the carbon dioxide leave the lungs at a fast enough rate. Carbon dioxide is poisonous if the body does not expel the gas, and a prolonged asthma attack might lead to a build-up of the gas in the lungs. This might further reduce the amount of oxygen entering the bloodstream. In a person with asthma, the inside walls of the airways, known as bronchial tubes, become swollen or inflamed. This swelling or inflammation makes the airways extremely sensitive to irritations and increases their susceptibility to an allergic reaction.

In an allergic reaction, the airways swell, and the muscles around the airway tighten, making it difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs. As Harmattan descends, bringing with it dry and dusty conditions, individuals with asthma face additional challenges in managing their respiratory health. The cold and dry air can exacerbate asthma symptoms, making it crucial for asthmatic patients to take proactive measures to safeguard their well-being. In this article, we will explore a set of health tips tailored to help asthmatic individuals navigate the Harmattan season with greater ease.

Stay Informed and Plan Ahead

Knowledge is key to managing asthma during Harmattan. Stay informed about the weather forecast and air quality in your area. Planning ahead allows you to anticipate conditions that might trigger asthma symptoms, enabling you to take precautionary measures.

Maintain Medication Adherence

Adhering to your prescribed asthma medications is crucial, especially during Harmattan. Keep your rescue inhaler and other prescribed medications within reach. If you’re running low on supplies, make sure to refill your prescriptions in advance to avoid any disruptions in your treatment plan.

Use a Humidifier

The dry Harmattan air can irritate the respiratory tract, leading to increased asthma symptoms. Consider using a humidifier in your living spaces to add moisture to the air. This can help prevent your airways from drying out and reduce the likelihood of asthma attacks.

Protect Yourself from Dust

Harmattan often brings dust storms that can trigger asthma symptoms. Take precautionary measures by wearing a mask when going outside, especially on windy days. This will help filter out dust particles and minimize exposure to potential triggers.

Stay Hydrated

Drinking an adequate amount of water is essential for maintaining overall health, and it becomes even more critical during Harmattan. Proper hydration helps keep the respiratory mucous membranes moist, making it easier for individuals with asthma to breathe.

Bundle Up and Dress Appropriately

The Harmattan season can be chilly, and cold air is a common asthma trigger. Bundle up with warm clothing, scarves, and hats to protect yourself from the cold. Breathing in warm, humidified air can be gentler on your airways, reducing the risk of asthma symptoms.

Limit Outdoor Activities on Windy Days

Harmattan is often characterized by strong winds that carry dust and other allergens. On windy days, it’s advisable for asthmatic individuals to limit their time outdoors, especially during peak dust hours. Choose indoor activities to reduce exposure to potential triggers.

Create a Clean Indoor Environment

Keep your indoor environment clean by dusting and vacuuming regularly. Use air purifiers to filter out airborne particles and allergens. This can significantly improve the air quality inside your home and create a safer space for individuals with asthma.

  • Know your triggers. Stay away from them.
  • When you get an “attack” use your inhaler. Don’t try to brave the storm.
  • Get to the hospital as quickly as you can.
  • When you go to the hospital please do not join the queue. Go to the emergency room. You are a priority.
  •  Carry your health insurance card so if you have to be in the hospital it will be easy and cheap.
  • When you enter a Pharmacy to buy any drug, tell the Pharmacist or support staff you are asthmatic. This is very important.
  • If you are triggered by cold or dry air, as we are in the harmattan season, cover your nose.
  • Before you step out, ask yourself “is it necessary?” If it is not, stay home.

Asthmatic patients can better manage their health during the Harmattan season by following these helpful tips. It’s important to take proactive measures, stay informed, and maintain a healthy lifestyle. To receive personalized advice and adjustments to your treatment plan, consult with your healthcare provider based on your specific needs. By taking the right precautions, individuals with asthma can enjoy the Harmattan season with reduced risks of asthma exacerbations..



By fadmin

Benjamin Mensah [Freshhope] is a young man, very passionate about the youth of this Generation. Very friendly, reliable and very passionate about the things of God and all that I do. The mission is to inform, educate and entertain. Feel free to send your whatsapp messages to +233266550849 and call on +233242645676

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